CRIM 225. Inequalities/Criminalization

Examines the intersections of crime and inequalities within families, communities and nations. [Prereq: CRIM 125]

This course will explore systems of inequality and their relationship to 'crime,' violence and the criminal justice system. Students will gain a firm understanding of race, class, gender, and sexuality as categories of analysis and as structures, which influence the life course. How is the body taken up in the mobilization of power? How is the body “a text” (to use Stuart Hall’s terms) where race, class, gender and sexuality are ‘read’ on the body? How are systems of inequality maintained and reproduced by criminal justice institutions and practices? What is the relationship between violence (both by individuals and the State) and white supremacy, gendered relations of ruling, class inequality and heteronormativity? The course is primarily organized around systems of inequality and social institutions (Families, the Labor Market, Education, Media). We will then ground that discussion in crime and criminal justice practices through examples, case studies, and lecture. Students will gain familiarity with intersectionality, as a method of analysis, as it has been taken up to answer criminological questions. Our exploration of these questions will be situated in historical context.


Andersen, Margaret L and Patricia Hill Collins. 2014. Race, Class and Gender: An Anthology. 9th ed. Boston: Cengage.
Coates, Ta-Nehisi. 2015. Between the World and Me. New York: Spiegel & Grau.

Uvin, Peter. 2011. Aiding Violence: The Development Enterprise in Rwanda. Bloomfield: Kumarian Press.

Susan Dewey, Bonnie Zare, Catherine Connolly, Rhett Epler, and Rosemary Bratton 2019, Outlaw Women: Prison, Rural Violence, and Poverty on the New American Frontier, NYU Press

Rahier, Jean Muteba 2014, Blackness in the Andes: Ethnographic Vignettes of Cultural Politics in the Time of Multiculturalism, Palgrave Macmillan

Haney, Lynne A. 2010, Offending women: power, punishment, and the regulation of desire. Berkeley: University of California Press. (Online Access)

Marcias-Rojas, Patricia 2016, From Deportation to Prison: The politics of Immigration Enforcement in Post-Civil Rights America. NYU Press

Stuart Hall, Chas Critcher, Tony Jefferson, John Clarke and Brian Roberts 1978, Policing the Crisis: Mugging, the State and the Law and Order. MacMillan Press

Bourgois, Philippe I., and Jeff Schonberg. 2009, Righteous Dopefiend. Berkeley: University of California Press. (Online Access)

Wacquant Loic 2009, Prisons of Poverty, Minnesota University Press

Fassin, Didier. 2014. Enforcing order: an ethnography of urban policing. Cambridge (UK): Polity Press)

Rios, Victor M. 2011. Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys, New York University Press

Jones, Niki. 2009, Between Good and Ghetto: African-American Girls and Inner-City Violence. Rutgers University Press

Bourgois, Philippe I. 2010. In search of respect: selling crack in El Barrio. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Available in Library)

Joey L. Mogul, Andrea J. Ritchie & Kay Whitlock. 2012, Queer (In)Justice: The Criminalization Of Lgbt People In The United States, Beacon Press.

Checker, Melissa 2006, Polluted Promises: Environmental Racism and the Search for Justice in a Southern Town, NYU press

Schneider C. Jane and Schneider T. Peter. 2003, Reversible Destiny: Mafia, Anti-Mafia and the Struggle for Palermo, University of California Press